Imaging in Pediatrics

Imaging in Pediatrics

Radiology Abbreviation Index

A ACL: anterior cruciate ligament ADC: apparent diffusion coefficient ALCAPA: anomalous left coronary artery origin from pulmonary artery AP: anteroposterior ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome ASD: atrial septal defect ASL: arterial spin labeling AV: atrioventricular AVM: arteriovenous malformation B BP:…

Fibromatosis Colli

KEY FACTS Terminology Benign fibrosis of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle Most common cervical “mass” of infancy: Postulated to be muscular response to birth trauma or peripartum injury Imaging Often diagnosed clinically without imaging Ultrasound modality of choice when imaging required Process…

Suppurative Adenitis

KEY FACTS Terminology Pus formation within nodes from bacterial infection Synonyms: Adenitis, lymphadenitis, intranodal abscess Imaging Enlarged node(s) with internal fluid & surrounding inflammation (cellulitis) Most often jugulodigastric, submandibular, or retropharyngeal Loss of normal nodal architecture & internal vascularity/enhancement Conglomeration…