Benign nephrosclerosis


  • Pathological changes in the kidney induced by chronic mild to moderate hypertension

Clinical features


  • Hypertension affects 20%–40% of the population in Western society.

  • Vascular diseases of the kidneys can be both a cause and a consequence of hypertension.

  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis is fourfold more common in African Americans than in Caucasians.

  • Diabetes mellitus increases the incidence and severity of the lesions seen in benign nephrosclerosis.

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